Existential Predication in Natural Languages: Values - Operations, Structures - Modalities
Abstr. due: 30.09.2014
Dates: 10.04.15 — 11.04.15
Area Of Sciences: Humanities;
Organizing comittee e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Organizers: Sorbonne University - Paris 4
Conference fees and accomodation: Registration fee: 90 euros (30 euros for students)
Semantic relations observed in what are commonly known as existential constructions and the operations by which they are established have common features in many languages of the world, but beside these similarities there are also important formal variations. The notion of an existential sentence, introduced into linguistic terminology by Jespersen (1924), cannot be reduced to the idea of asserting or denying the existence of an entity in the philosophical sense.
In this symposium, we propose as a starting point for the study of existential constructions two approaches to the definition of existential predication:
- Existential predication can be viewed as a specific operation of locating one term (locatum, fr. repéré/figure) relative to another (locator, fr. repère/ground, expressed by means of a non-canonical marking of constituents and/or a non-canonical constituent order within the utterance, and/or by using a particular existential marker,
- From the viewpoint of construction of meaning, existential predication can be characterized by the fact that it is not the locatum (figure) but the locator (ground) that is chosen as perspectival center from which the situation to be described is cognitively structured.
Conference Web-Site: http://linguistlist.org/callconf/browse-conf-action.cfm?ConfID=178315
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