Meeting of SEHA and RuralReport: Old and New Worlds: the Global Challenges of Rural History

Country: Portugal

City: Lisbon

Abstr. due: 15.04.2015

Dates: 28.01.15 — 30.01.15

Area Of Sciences: History and archeology;

Organizing comittee e-mail:;

Organizers: Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona


osep Pujol-Andreu, Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona ( ), Amélia Polónia, U. Porto ( M. Pacheco, U. Minho ( )

This panel proposes for debate the impact of the global circulation of species between Europe and other Continents, in the long run: from 1500 to 2000. From 1500 onwards, European colonisation contributed to structural changes while connecting different continents and oceans. This process led to global ecological flows among continents, across oceans with a direct impact upon rural environments in Africa, Asia, America, but also in Europe, creating challenges related with biological transfers and invasions responsible for syncretic patterns, now subject of analysis in the framework of Evolutionary Ecology, which takes into consideration, in a dynamic relation, the Nature and Culture of all agents involved.

Furthermore, it is well known how biological innovations, associated with new technologies were more noticed in the economic set-up of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. At present, bio-innovations are a strategic factor in the functioning of the agricultural sector in its relations with industry and worldwide trade. Research has been concerned, however, more with changes in fertilization techniques and water management, and less with the innovations associated with the biological varieties of seeds, plants and animals that have been used, both in Europe and in colonial territories. In fact, this avenue of research has advanced remarkably in the United States, but much less in Europe and Latin America. With this session the convenors aim at repositioning these topics at the center of a renewed agrarian history’ research agenda.

Based on these assumptions, the panel seeks to debate, in a multidisciplinary and long-term framework, the impact of such dynamics, calling for case studies and analytical essays covering a wide range of topics involved by rural history of Old and New Worlds, and by studies covering a geographical area intended to include Africa, Asia, the Americas and Europe.

This session is presented on the scope of the research group Population, Food and Standard of Living (J. Pujol-Andreu, HAR2013-47182-C2-1-P).

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