International Conference Global Migration: Rethinking Skills, Knowledge and Culture

Country: India

City: New Delhi

Abstr. due: 20.08.2016

Dates: 26.11.16 — 27.11.16

Area Of Sciences: Political science;

Organizing comittee e-mail: internationalconference@grfdt.com

Organizers: Global Research Forum on Diaspora and Transnationalism

 

 Globalization has brought about a new paradigm where socio-cultural, political, and economic landscapes get exposed to unexpected dynamics of challenges and change. It thus becomes a matter of both challenge and opportunity for the home and host countries.

On the one hand, the economic changes over the past hundred years that includes close integration, opening of trade, ideas and information, have resulted in benefitting the industrially developed economies. On the other hand, for the developing economies, the challenges remain though of different level and kind. However, the changed circumstances globally also bring along opportunities for these states to help them overcome the challenges.The increased movement of people has resulted in theglobal development of new ideas, intercultural linkages, democratisation of global space etc. In this scenario, diaspora has emerged as an important player in the transnational sphere for both thehome and host countries.

The actual process of engaging diaspora in the development process remains a challenge for the home countries. Policies result from a complex interplay of local and global conditions, including the role of lobby groups, socio-economic and political conditions of the country, level of institutional development, technological progress. This engagement process is also mediated by the social and cultural identities of the diaspora that are not just diverse but also contested. The challenge faced by the developing countries in this regard is very different from that of the industrially advanced states.

In recent years, the policies related to human and financial capital have been gaining serious attention. Contrary to the idea of brain drain that dominated the development debate in the 60s and 70s among the scholars and policy makers of developing countries, diasporas in the age of internet are viewed as instruments of human, financial and social development of both the host and the home state. Many developing countries in the recent past have been playing a significant role in channelizing the resources through various institutional mechanisms by engaging both the government and non-governmental institutions. Developing countries have managed to channelise financial resources from their diaspora quite effectively. India has emerged as the largest recipient of remittances in the world surpassing China in the last few years. Financial capital accumulated by diaspora abroad is often repatriated to the country of origin in the form of remittances or direct investments. Human capital plays an important role in this regard and is effectively transferred across borders with the use of ICT, creating opportunities in several sectors such as higher education, training, research and development, etc. There are evidences of successful diasporic knowledge transfer in areas such as IT and Healthcare. For instance, the success of Bangalore IT boom and corporate healthcare may be attributed to the contribution of the high skilled Indian diaspora in the US.

The multidirectional engagement between diaspora and homeland is more intensive with the help of virtual platforms. There are multiple dynamics involved in shaping the contour of the diaspora and engaging them with region, nations and transnational spheres.

Conflicts and engagement in the development are simultaneous with many diasporas. However, there is a need to engage positively with all dynamics rather than ignoring the force that is so important in the globalised world.

Skills and Knowledge

Globalisation altered the economic activities in a great manner. The development of service economy and ICT has created demand for new skills and knowledge. Many developing countries suffered the initial brain drain due to the lack of absorption capacity of their skilled human resource and subsequent backwardness in the new economy. However, the scenario has been changing over time due to the globalised and mobile workforce that brought back not just financial capital but also human capital in terms of skills and knowledge.

This conference will delve into the knowledge and skill development aspect of the diaspora that remains one of the major policy thrust area in many developing countries and also how their potential can be harnessed for the development of the homeland.

Cultural Development

Cultural development is an umbrella term that relates to wide array of human activities. An active diaspora has a strong attachment with the homeland. The cultural bond with the homeland constitutes a very strong form of belonging for the diasporic communities.The conference will discuss in greater details such cultural aspects, namely, Films, literature and religion etc. so as to provide a more coherent picture of diaspora and its interrelated dynamics.

Though the core areas remain Skill, Knowledge and Cultural development, the conference is open to papers that may not directly fall into the area but provide insight into the broader aspects of diaspora and development dynamics.

 

About the Conference

The conference will bring together scholars from diverse fields such as academic, civil society and policy from different countries. The conference intends to provide comparative perspectives in diaspora engagement. The papers will be published in a book by an international publisher.

The conference will have more wider reach and try to represent as many countries possible so that both macro and micro perspectives and diversities of issues will be covered. There are several countries actively engaged in policies and working on a new paradigm of global engagement to tap resources in the globalised world ever increasing human mobility.The conference is conceived to address these issues, both conceptual as well as applied areas so as to give a wholistic approach to understand the issue.

The following are the Themes and Sub themes for the Conference. However, all the related issues are also welcome.

Themes and Subthemes

1. Diaspora and Transnationalism

·         Concepts of Migration and Diaspora (Critical appraisal of place of birth, duration)

·         Transnationalism and Globalisation

    Soft power diplomacy
    foreign policy: lobbying with the host state governments
    Dual Identity
    Voting right of Diaspora
    Distinguishing motivation towards homeland between First, Second and Third Generation Diaspora
    Making of Refugee, Asylum and Exile

2. Diaspora Policies

·         Diaspora Engagement Policies: Legal, political, economic and socio-cultural

·         Diaspora policy practiced across the world: Legal aspects, socio economic benefits for the diaspora

·         Dual citizenship, voting rights to emigrants: Legal incorporation of the diaspora

·         Overseas Indian Citizenship practiced by the Indian State

·         Emigration policy for the lesser skilled temporary migrant workers: Emigration Laws around the world

·         Addressing grievances of the diaspora: A critical appraisal of the state's role

·         issues confronted by the Indian diaspora in Malaysia, Gulf states

·         Politics of Migration and Policies on Diaspora with implications for Foreign and National Security

·         Impact of Politics on Emigration and Immigration (WTO, Bhumiputra in Malaysia, Racism, Citizenship issue in Gulf, Visa policy of selective,  USA/Developed countries,

·         Diaspora and Soft power diplomacy (cultural diplomacy)

·         Impacts of Diaspora on Foreign Policies

3. Diaspora and Development

·         Investment

·         Immigration, Knowledge Economy and policies towards high skilled labour

·         International Trade

·         Return Migration

·         Technology Transfer

·         Mobility: Indo-Euorope Migration Corridor

·         Skill Migration

·         Brain Drain, Brain Gain, Brain Chain and Brain Bank

·         Migration of Health Care and IT Professionals

·         Changes in VISA regime- H1B1 of USA to Blue Card of Germany

·         India-Europe Migration of Students and Skilled Professionals

 

4. Diaspora and Conflict

·         Nursing at the war zone

·         Disguised Returnees

·         South Asian Labour Hostages

·         Making of Refugees and Asylees

·         Crisis of Rights, Challenges, and Advocacy

5. Diaspora and Civil Society

·         Diaspora organisations and their role

·         Marriages, Custody, Adoption, Property, Hague Conventions

·         Human Trafficking

·         Diaspora Philanthropy

·         Rehabilitation, Social Security.

6. Diaspora and Global Culture

·         Diaspora in the global cultural revolution- multiculturalism and Diaspora

·         Indian Diaspora: Film, Literature, Language, Food

·         Films and Diaspora

·         Literature

·         Religion

·         Media

·         Diaspora and Global Culture: Film, literature, food and religion

7. Diaspora and Gender Relations

    Female Domestic Workers
    Migration for Dowry
    Gender and Migration
    Education of Children at the Host Land
    Role of women after family migration

8. Diaspora, Religion and Ethnicity

·       Religious Practices at the Hostland; Hinduism in Middle East and South-East Asia

·       Ethnic Enclaves

·       Ethnic Markets and Enterprises

·       Religious practices and rights to celebrate

·       Forceful conversion of Diaspora

9. Diaspora and Remittances

·       Economic impact of remittances at the homeland

·       Socio-cultural development of left behind families with remittances

·       Social remittances and knowledge transfer

·       Cultural Remittances- Impact at the homeland

·       Impact of remittances at different levels; Individual, Family, Community and National.

10. Technology and Diaspora

Technology Transfer and Exchange

Migration and Technology

Technolgy, virtuality and new mobilisation identity

Technology and Diaspora culture

Technology and education and skill development

 
11. New Dynamics of Diaspora Engagement

·         Virtual Diasporas and Knowledge Platforms

·         Indian Diaspora, Virtual platform and development

·         Diaspora investment and Entrepreneurship

Conference Web-Site: http://www.grfdt.com/EventDetails.aspx?Type=Conferences&TabId=6098