Re-Thinking Environment: Literature, Ethics and Praxis

Country: India

City: Berhampur

Abstr. due: 05.10.2016

Dates: 28.12.16 — 30.12.16

Area Of Sciences: Arts; Cultural science;

Organizing comittee e-mail: english.bu.odisha@gmail.com , drshrutidas@gmail.com

Organizers: Berhampur University

 

Environmental well-being has been an important component of Oriental theology. Environmental consciousness gained ground in the West as a part of the Feminist movement in the early 1990s. Ecocriticism has proliferated from the study of Nature writers into a highly diverse and interdisciplinary field encompassing a wide variety of literary genres, cultural and literary theories, while drawing on the social and the natural sciences. Ecocriticism has at its foundation an awareness of ecological systems, and maintains a keen focus on the myriad ways in which systems of human making depend upon, intersect with, or exploit nature, and how humans are as much a part of nature as plants and other animals, i.e., how nature both produces and is produced through a myriad of systems. It focuses on how literature explores the vital relation of people to place and non-human life highlighting environmental ethics and sustainable energy.

            Environmental consciousness and ecocriticism have been slow in catching up in India, particularly Odisha, in spite of the many natural disasters it has faced in the recent past. The need of the hour is to re-examine nature-oriented literature that redirects us from “ego-consciousness” to “eco-consciousness.” Glen Love has urged scholars to rethink pastoralism and to pay greater attention to nature-oriented literature.  Cheryll Glotfelty has advocated a manner of criticism, i.e., ecocriticism as a critical practice of analysing literature that would address the interconnections between human culture and the material world, involving both the the human and the non-human. She has advocated the adaptation of Elaine Showalter’s three developmental stages of feminist criticism as an analogous model for ecocriticism. Thus, sort of homology has been established between feminist criticism and eco-criticism.  The first stage in feminist criticism, the “images of women” stage, is concerned with representations, concentrating on how women are portrayed in literature. Analogous efforts in ecocriticism study how nature is represented in literature- virgin land, Eden, Arcadia, howling wilderness. The second stage, as Showalter distinguishes, is the women’s literary tradition stage which rediscovers, reissues and reconsiders literature by women. In ecocriticism, a similar endeavour is oriented to describing the genre of non-fiction nature writing, and examining ecologically oriented fiction, poetry and drama. Showalter’s third phase is the theoretical phase, which raises fundamental questions about symbolic and linguistic construction of gender and sexuality. Similar work in ecocriticism examines how literary discourse has constructed “nature.”

Western ideology has as its mainstay the binaries that separate men from women, mind from body, and humanity from nature. The conference will investigate the ways in which the interlaced natural and cultural systems influence, and are influenced by, literary works and criticism. It seeks to open to critique the conventional practices and representations in literature as well as grafting trajectories, making sense of the chaotic, or making chaotic that which seems ordered through new paradigms.

Hence our conference on environmentalism–an umbrella term with its diverse topics noted below—is interdisciplinary and will provide the arena for participants to introduce new horizons in environmental consciousness and explore potential areas of sustainable development by engaging with issues such as global warming, deforestation, animal rights, water issues, climate change etc. along with different other aspects of  social ecology.

Objective:

Berhampur University, situated in South Odisha, has been a victim to Environmental disaster time and again. The conference theme is pertinent to our context, especially in the Golden Jubilee year, in the sense that it will address and discuss the reasons, effects (both physical and psychological), their representations through literature and possible redressals. It will champion the cause of environmental ethics and promotion of sustainable energy. Therefore, the objective of this conference is to contribute, in concrete terms, to formulation of possible solutions concerning the global ecological crisis by engaging the speakers aesthetically with the various sub-themes listed below innovatively, mostly by way of locating areas of concern and developing the means of necessary redressal in the larger interest of humanity as well as the eco-system. We invite research papers in the following themes but do not restrict paper presenters from being more innovative and interdisciplinary in this subject area:

    Ecopoetics in South Asia and beyond
    Environmental crisis and climate change: systems of measurement/warning systems, and their literary representation
    Postcolonial Ecocriticism: Nature, Culture, Power.
    Writing Nature and Wilderness in Literature
    Ecocomposition and Rhetoric
    Ecofeminism
    Environmental Ethics and Ecology
    Environmental History
    Environmental Justice and Activism in Literature
    Animal Rights
    Eco Pedagogy and teaching
    Nature and religion
    Urban Ecology and Environment
    Culture, Environment, Indigenous people and reflection in literatures of the world
    Eco-psychology: Literary representations of ecstasy and dissociative experience, focusing on the cognitive and neuro-phenomenological dimensions of the human encounter with nature.
    Social ecology and impact of Climate change in representations
    Engineering of Nature
    Techno-magic and cyberpunk aesthetics in Literature: nature and machines.

    Evolution of  land ethics
    Community, Land and Commodity
 

Conference Web-Site: https://buinternationalconference.wordpress.com/