Political mobilization of cultural and ethnic communities: Europe and the Americas, 1848-1939
Тезисы до: 01.10.2014
Даты: 10.09.15 — 10.09.15
Е-мейл Оргкомитета: email@example.com
Организаторы: Leibniz Institute of European History
This workshop and special journal issue is concerned with the political mobilization of cultural and ethnic communities in Europe and the Americas during the period 1848-1939. At this time, such groups were increasingly confronted with the hegemonic ambitions of a centralizing State, both in political as well as cultural terms. Those communities still living in their homeland needed to assert political power in order to protect, among others, their religious and linguistic traditions and offset socio-economic marginalization. Diaspora communities additionally struggled to attain citizenship and become a recognized member of the hostland. In each case, political mobilization was key to defending a community’s ethnic, religious or linguistic character, and to improve its socio-economic position; in sum, to have the community’s needs voiced at national or State level.
For this workshop and special journal issue we welcome papers that explore diverse and interdisciplinary approaches to the political mobilization of cultural or ethnic communities, with a focus on groups living in Europe and the Americas during the period 1848-1939. Collective action can have different aims, from preserving the status quo or traditional relationships to activism for radical change or goals perceived to be ‘modern’. It can adopt different forms, from the use of force to boycotts to legal and constitutional tactics to symbolic actions. And it can have different results, from the incorporation of community demands into regular State policy to the creation of special allowances to the suppression of community positions altogether.
The space or geography of political mobilization is of particular interest. We want to explore new approaches to collective mobilization and political action through comparing community action in homelands, hostlands and the transnational space in-between. On the basis of case studies that are rooted in empirical research, we aim to explore the interactions and movements of agitators and ideologues within the homeland or hostland as well as between them, and comparatively investigate what impact factors such as socio-economic belonging, citizenship, religious or linguistic adherence had on the aims, forms and results of political mobilization.
We aim to bring together papers that develop our understandings of the social relations that develop and organize political activism; the involvement of generational, cultural, class, gender or ethnic identities; the interaction between secular and religious factors within mobilization and protest; the impact of experiences of historical trauma or large-scale upheaval, as well as the memory thereof, on shaping and sustaining group identities; the interplay of mechanisms of mobilization such as ritual, legitimation and ideology; the role that public spaces play in mobilization; and urban/rural dichotomies. The comparative framework will enable us to not only inquire into different approaches to political mobilization undertaken by groups faced with essentially similar circumstances, but also probe what difference being a home- or hostland community made on the forms and processes of political mobilization used. Finally, it will contribute to sketching the transnational dimension of pressure politics undertaken by cultural and ethnic communities.
The workshop will be held at the Leibniz Institute of European History in Mainz (Germany) in September 2015 and will function as a space in which to develop similarities and overlaps between the papers, and ultimately contribute to the overall coherency of the special journal issue. Limited travel funding for participants is available.