Intercultural metaphors: Towards a global conceptual schema or variable cultural concepts
Город: Alba Iulia
Тезисы до: 26.05.2016
Даты: 17.06.17 — 18.06.17
Е-мейл Оргкомитета: firstname.lastname@example.org
Организаторы: University of Alba Iulia
Papers in this panel will seek to explore the relationship between cognitive concepts and cultural concepts as embodied in metaphorical, figurative language. We will undertake to demonstrate that cognitive metaphors are instantiations of cultural categories manifested in the language spoken by the community that shares a common set of characteristics within a given cultural matrix. Popescu (2012, 2015a, 2015b), following Lakoff and Johnson (1980) and Kövecses (2005) upheld the tenet that metaphors clustered in cognitive categories account for cultural categories, both in terms of conceptual universals and variants, resulting in a complex mapping of interrelated cross-connections.
According to the cognitive linguistic theory, one concept is represented in our mind by a series of other concepts that together constitute a coherent whole, in the form of a mental frame. However, there are social and cultural, even ideological concepts that are hardly generalizable, and hence, not universal.
As analysed by Kövecses (2014), an example in case may be the representation of the self, which is variable across different cultures. Thus (pp. 62-65), in Western societies that emphasise the self, the concept is associated with a number of other concepts, including independence (personal), self-centred, self-expression, self-indulgence, personal goals and desires, happiness (personal), achievement (personal), self-interest, selfishness, suspicion, pride, competition, indifference. Conversely, in some Eastern societies, the notion of the self is embedded in a different network of concepts, opposite to the above: interdependence, other-centred, saving the other’s face, self-denial, social goals and desires, happiness (social), achievement (social), interest (social), sharing, trust, humility, cooperation, care, concern.
Geert Hofstede’s anthropological theory of cultural categories (1991) is parallel to the above one, in that he also characterises societies as individualistic versus collectivistic. In individualist societies the ties between people are loose, people tend to look after himself/herself and their immediate families, whereas in collectivistic societies, people from birth onwards are integrated into strong, cohesive in-groups, cherishing family values.
Our investigations will concentrate on the linguistic manifestations of such cognitive categories versus cultural ones, and will try to reveal if indeed, cultural conceptualisation projects in turn, metaphorical conceptualisation.