Iconicity in Language

Страна: Германия

Город: Bremen

Тезисы до: 20.08.2018

Даты: 06.03.19 — 08.03.19

Область наук: Филологические;

Е-мейл Оргкомитета: cwiek|ebert|fuchs|krifka /at/ leibniz-zas.de

Организаторы: German Linguistic Society (DGfS)

 

It has long been a general assumption that natural languages exhibit an arbitrary pairing of form and meaning. The arbitrary mapping of form to meaning has even been formulated as a defining property for natural languages (Hockett 1960). In recent years, however, there is increasing empirical evidence that iconicity in language is more pervasive than often thought.

One of the best-known examples for iconicity in spoken language are phonaesthemes, meaningful entities that are true subparts of morphemes, i.e. gl in glow, glisten, glimmer, or ideophones, often onomatopoetic words words, which evoke sensory imagery, like English splish-splash or German holterdipolter. Blasi et al. (2016) show in their study about the 100 most important vocabularies in over 4000 languages strikingly similar non-arbitrary sound-meaning relations, which cannot be explained as language contact phenomena. Another example for iconicity in spoken language involves iconic prosodic modulations (Perniss & Vigliocco 2014). Here, prosodic features such as duration and fundamental frequency are modulated to express additional meaning components such as size and speed as in looooooooong (in written or spoken language) to iconically express extreme length/size/duration/... of the item under consideration. In sign languages, there is a long tradition for the investigation of the iconic aspects of these languages. Recently, also gestures in spoken languages and their iconic contributions have been investigated more systematically under formal semantic and pragmatic aspects (Ebert & Ebert 2014, Schlenker 2016).

In our workshop, we want to deal with all these different aspects of iconicity and pursue the following questions among others: in which contexts and why do we use iconic means in communication? Which pragmatic meaning and function do they have? What are language universal and what are language specific iconic means? Which prosodic, gestural, or written means are used to express iconicity?

Веб-сайт конференции: http://www.leibniz-zas.de/dgfs_iconicity.html

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