International Conference on Combating Human Trafficking: With Special Reference to Women and Children

Країна: Індія

Місто: Delhi

Тези до: 25.12.2014

Дати: 13.02.15 — 16.02.15

Область наук: Соціологічні;

Е-мейл Оргкомітету: chtwc15@clc.du.ac.in

Організатори: Campus Law Centre, University of Delhi

 

CAMPUS LAW CENTRE, UNIVESITY OF DELHI

The Campus Law Centre  (CLC) organised an International Conference in April, 2014, which witnessed the world wide participation from countries including Singapore, Italy, China, Indonesia, Mauritius, Nigeria, U.K , South Korea, Maldives, Bangladesh,  Iran and Nepal. Inspired by the success of 2014 Conference, CLC proposes to hold , in 2015, an International Conference on Human Trafficking.

The Campus Law Centre,  University of Delhi offering three year law degree, having a multi-cultural and multi-lingual student- body, is rated as one of the best law schools not only in India, but also in Asia. It is a deep rooted legal institution of par excellence having glorious past of 90 years and a bright future ahead. Responding to new developments in legal education, it keeps introducing new subjects and concepts to professionally designed courses of study to make it more socially relevant. Thus, it is not only maintaining the existing high standards of legal education, but is also raising it to further heights. Qualitative teaching, moot-court competitions, campus placements, legal- aid services, regular discussions, and illustrious alumni are some of the features which have established CLC as a Centre of Excellence.

 

ABOUT THE CONFERENCE

Human trafficking, unfortunately, is the fastest growing means by which people are enslaved, and one of the  fastest growing international organized crime. Approximately 80 per cent of human trafficking is women and girls and up to 50% are minors.

In 1904, the International Agreement for the Suppression of "White Slave Traffic" was signed and put into action. The purpose of this agreement was to protect women, young and old, from being involved in "White Slave Traffic." After the First World War, the League of Nations focused on international issues and the Suppression of “White Slave Traffic” was changed to "Traffic in Women and Children" so that everyone was included with no discrimination to race. The children of both genders were also recognized as victims of trafficking. In 1932, during World War II, Japan had set up a horrifying and outrageous system known as "comfort stations" where women all across Asia were forced into sexual slavery. 

In 1995, the United Nations’s  Fourth World Conference on Women at Beijing addressed the issue of trafficking of women. In this Conference, trafficking was  recognized as an act of violence against women, and the concept of trafficking was further defined . In 2011, US President, Obama declared the month of January to be Human Trafficking Awareness month, and named January 11, 2011 as National Human Trafficking Awareness Day.

The first step by the United Nations to combat trafficking was the Protocol to “Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children”, and was implemented on December 25, 2003. It is the only international legal instrument addressing human trafficking as a crime. Thereafter, many continents and countries have enacted laws against human trafficking, but these laws are often vague in terms of what a country considers exploitation. Thus, the obstacles include a lack of monitoring, inadequate training, and a lack of coordination between anti-trafficking measures and the authorities.

In November 2004, the ASEAN Declaration against Trafficking in Persons Particularly Women and Children was adopted which reaffirmed the Ha Noi Declaration of 1998 and the Ha Noi Plan of Action. After the 2004 ASEAN Declaration Against Trafficking,  numerous  MOUs were signed amongst the ASEAN nations viz. MOU between Lao PDR and Vietnam ; between Cambodia and Thailand ; between Lao PDR and Thailand; between Myanmar and Thailand; between Cambodia and Vietnam;  between Thai and Vietnam; between Myanmar and China, etc. However, despite all legal steps and agreements the organised transnational crime of trafficking continued and is presently the second largest organised crime. In May, 2005, the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings was adopted, and came into force on 1st February, 2008. As of April, 2014, the Convention has been ratified by 42 of Council of Europe.

In India, thousands of Indians are trafficked everyday to some destination or the other and are forced to lead lives of slavery. They survive in brothels, factories, guesthouses, dance bars, farms and even in the homes of well-off Indians, with no control over their bodies and lives. Besides, Article 23 of the Constitution of India which prohibits traffic in human beings and other similar forms of forced labour (a fundamental right granted to  citizens of India), the Government of India has enacted in 1956 the Suppression of Immoral Traffic in Women and Girls Act  (SITA) and renamed in 1986 as the Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act (ITPA). Various other central laws of the country also contain provisions in this regard. 

Despite all round efforts-international, regional and domestic, is unable to alleviate this woes of modern slavery particularly the woes of women and children. The poor countries owing to its poverty and poor economic status among the improvised sections of the society can be easily targeted with no defence against this organised crime. Law as a tool of social engineering has the force to alleviate this organised crime against society and humanity. Thus, it necessitates consideration of the progress and effect of various agreements, conventions, MOUs, law, policies and statutes at various levels: international, regional and domestic.

Against this backdrop, Campus Law Centre, university of Delhi, a premier legal institution takes pride in organizing three day International Conference on “Combating Human Trafficking : With Special Reference to Women and Children ”. It will offer a unique opportunity to the academia, NGOs and policy makers to deliberate upon the issues to be discussed over there. The international and national experts are invited to deliberate upon legal and policy matters related to of monitoring, inadequate training, lack of coordination between anti-trafficking measures and the authorities, enforcement: investigation, enforcement: prosecution, public awareness, victim services and Research, technical cooperation among countries and international law enforcement agencies, etc. 

Objective of the Conference

·         To address and enhance prevention strategies through legal instruments;

·         Law enforcement, detection, investigation and prosecution of traffickers;

·         Strengthen the assistance and protection of human trafficking victims;

·          Improve the identification, disruption and prosecution of human trafficking;

·         Enhance national, regional and international cooperation and coordination to combat human trafficking;

·         Rehabilitation, Reintegration and Repatriation of Trafficked Victims.

Веб-сторінка конференції: http://clc.du.ac.in/full-Event.aspx?id=23