Globalization, Working conditions and Health

Країна: Франція

Місто: Bordeaux

Тези до: 15.03.2015

Дати: 25.06.15 — 27.06.15

Область наук: Соціологічні;

Е-мейл Оргкомітету:

Організатори: Université de Bordeaux


The expansion of international trade globally changed the working life of workers in industrialized and developing countries. The increase in international competition involves a set of consequences that are analyzed by academics in many fields: labor economics, health, international trade... Blue-collar workers used to be the most affected but now it turns out that white-collar worker are also suffering from outsourcing as well as deteriorated working conditions. International trade impacts every type of workers’ health through the labor market. The entry of southern countries in the international trade arena threatens Northern countries’ competitiveness and leads to increased pressure and stressful work rhythms for workers in industrialized countries. Fear of job loss and generally depressed economic situations hang over workers, ready to accept deteriorated working conditions and engaging in new behaviors like presenteism which are costly in terms of health and firms’ productivity. The link between working conditions and physical health has been explored since the end of the 1990’s, especially in: Canada, Australia, New-Zealand and the United States. The consequences for mental health have been less investigated but are becoming more and more subject of interest. An ageing population is a common issue in Northern countries and raises numerous questions about health, working conditions and the adaptability of older workers in a globalized and changing labor market.
The Rana Plazza scandal has shed light on the dangerous working conditions of textile workers and raised the question of the responsibility of multinational firms (MNF). Public opinion has been mobilized and Northern consumers are no longer passive about these questions. Conversely, the localization of multinationals in developing countries can lead to externalities that benefit the whole population in terms of health, infrastructure and education.

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