2021 Conference The Role of the Current Speaker in Conversational Turn Taking – Theoretical, Experimental, and Corpus Linguistic Perspectives on Speaker Contributions to Aligned Turn-Timing

Країна: Германія

Місто: Berlin

Тези до: 31.07.2020

Дати: 14.01.21 — 15.01.21

Е-мейл Оргкомітету: currentspeakers2021 [at] easychair [dot] org

Організатори: Department of English and American Studies, Humboldt University Berlin, Germany

 

As a rule-of-thumb, smooth unmarked turn taking is generally characterized by showing neither long gaps nor overlap between adjacent turns. How interlocutors achieve this high degree of temporal alignment between the end of a turn and the beginning of the next turn in light of the latencies involved in speech production is still a question of debate, even though considerable advances have been made recently (Barthel, 2020; Garrod & Pickering, 2015; Gísladóttir, 2015; Heldner & Edlund, 2010, Holler et al., 2016). Current theories describing the mechanisms subserving smooth conversation locate the computational pressure underlying successful turn transfer primarily on the side of the listener who intends to become the next speaker. However, in order to arrive at a holistic description of the turn taking system, conversation can be more accurately conceptualized as a sequence of actions that is jointly coordinated by all of its participants, no matter whether they assume the role of the speaker or listener at a given moment. For such collaborative orchestration of conversational moves, interlocutors in pursuit of efficient temporal alignment of speaking turns need to be mutually supportive at any point in time. In that cooperative framework, the (para-)linguistic tools available to interlocutors who are in the role of the current speaker remain understudied and are in need of systematic description, both theoretically as well as empirically.

The workshop will focus on the questions whether and in what ways current speakers are actively supporting smooth turn transitions and how and when they use the resources available to them.

The workshop will focus on the questions whether and in what ways current speakers are actively supporting smooth turn transitions and how and when they use the resources available to them.

Submissions for 30 minute talks on the following (and related) questions are invited:
- What affordances of grammar are employed by current speakers to aid smooth turn taking?
- How do speakers and listeners manage smooth turn taking collaboratively?
- When and how do speakers make use of multimodal or paralinguistic signals, such as gestures, gaze, or prosodic cues, to aid temporally aligned turn transfer?

Several research traditions have studied the phenomenon of conversational turn taking from different perspectives, including psycholinguistics, grammar theory, corpus linguistics, and conversation analysis. These traditions are recently beginning to join forces in this overlapping research agenda. Research primarily employing methodologies common to any of these fields as well as cross disciplinary research projects are explicitly invited in order to discuss possibilities of future methodological fusion and to support collaborative research crossing the boundaries of disciplines. The languages and communities under study will not be restricted.
 

Веб-сторінка конференції: https://www.angl.hu-berlin.de/news/conferences/workshop-current-speaker/